West Link: Chronotopia
The West Link is one of the largest infrastructure and urban development projects in Gothenburg’s long history. One aspect of the project is the creation of a series of public artworks for the city, with the vision of incorporating artists into the process of shaping new public spaces for everyone in Gothenburg to share.
About The West Link
The population of Gothenburg and the Västra Götaland region is projected to grow by almost one-third by 2035. That means that more people are going to have to get where they need to go without a car. The West Link is one of the essential investments that make that possible. The West Link ties together the region and the city through an underground railway link beneath central Gothenburg, where three new train stations (Central, Haga, and Korsvägen) relieve congestion at the current Central Station. The new station designs and the development of the surrounding urban spaces are going to shape people’s everyday lives for a long time into the future.
The construction project kicked off in 2018, and the first trains are expected to start rolling through the tunnel in 2026.
Art in the West Link
In conjunction with the construction of the West Link project, a series of public artworks will be created both for the platform areas of the underground stations and for the surrounding environments above ground. The new art is expected to contribute to the design of the public realm and the urban milieu around the stations.
The Chronotopia Art Programme
The West Link’s comprehensive art programme, Chronotopia, was developed in 2016 by the Swedish Transport Administration, the Public Art Agency Sweden, Västtrafik (the public transport agency for the Västra Götaland region), the Västra Götaland region’s art department, and the City of Gothenburg’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority and Cultural Affairs Administration. The art programme presents the overall artistic vision for the West Link project. All of the art produced within the framework for the West Link project is based on this programme.
The name Chronotopia comes from the Greek Χρόνος (chrónos), meaning time, and τόπος (tópos), meaning place. The theme of the Chronotopia programme is to use site-specific artistic exploration to investigate our contemporary world, the potential of the past, and possible stories of the future. The city of Gothenburg is both a place and an era in time, or rather many different parallel spaces and times. A cross-fertilization among these spaces and eras can strengthen and deepen the city’s ethical and existential dimensions.
The aim of the art programme is to provide artists with generous room for interpretation, to make possible a variety of different working processes, and to ensure a high level of artistic integrity.
The places that are encompassed by the art programme are Haga Station, Korsvägen Station, Central Station, and the Olskroken infrastructure area.
Funding Provided by the One Percent Rule
The works of public art created for the West Link project are funded through the One Percent Rule at national, regional, and municipal levels. The One Percent Rule requires that one percent of spending on new construction, renovations, and additions is devoted to public art.
Art for the Station Platform Areas
It is the national government that is responsible for procuring the art for the underground station platform areas and for the Olskroken infrastructure area. The Swedish Transport Administration is the project owner and Public Art Agency Sweden the process leader for these artworks.
Two international art competitions were being held in order to generate proposals for the artistic design of the West Link’s underground station platforms. In 2016 and 2017, the winning entries were announced:
- Haga Station: Rainbow Snake – Huang Yong Ping
- Central Station: Tongue and Groove – Daniel Vho
- Korsvägen Station: Eternal Employment – Goldin+Senneby
- Olskroken infrastructure area: bLINK – Katarina Grosse
Art for the Station Buildings
The Västra Götaland region is responsible for the public art created for the station buildings and the public transit stops. The project owner is Västtrafik, the regional public transport authority, and the process leader for the procuring of the art is the Västra Götaland region’s art department.
For the Korsvägen Station, the artists Goldin+Senneby have been given an expanded commission for their work Eternal Employment, which was originally conceived only for the area of the underground platforms. Now the work will extend into the building for Korsvägen Station. You can read more about Eternal Employment on the Public Art Agency Sweden website.
The tendering process for the art for Haga Station is being planned now. For Central Station, the Västra Götaland region has no ownership in the property, but rather is a tenant of space owned by the national government.
Art for the Urban Spaces Around the Stations
The City of Gothenburg is responsible for procuring the public art for the urban environment surrounding Haga Station, Korsvägen Station, and Central Station. The city’s Traffic and Public Transport Authority is the project owner, and Gothenburg Art of the city’s Cultural Affairs Administration is the process leader.
The Traffic and Public Transport Authority are now inviting artists and artist groups to take part in an international selective tendering for the creation of public art for the urban spaces around Haga and Korsvägen Stations. From September 20 through October 20, 2021, artists and artist groups can submit expressions of interest in the project.
The tender is preliminarily expected to extend from September 2021 until June 2022. It will be followed by a period of detailed planning and execution, which will extend into 2026, when the whole of the West Link project is expected to be finished.
Later there will be a second tender for the urban space around Central Station.
Public Art During the Construction of the West Link
Public Art in During the Construction of the West Link is a project that aims to create valuable experiences of art for those who live in, work in, and visit the city during the time the West Link is being built.
The project is a collaboration between the City of Gothenburg’s Cultural Affairs Administration and Traffic and Public Transport Authority and is made up of two parts. The first is a collaboration with GIBCA, the Gothenburg International Biennial for Contemporary Art, which is producing a series of soundworks linked to Haga, Central, and Korsvägen Stations.
- Haga Station: Pia Sandström Göteborgssviten: underjorden (”The Gothenburg Suite: The Underground”) and Klangbotten (Mörkerseende) (”The Sounding Board (Night Vision)”)
- Central Station: Manuel Pelmus, East Link: Joy and Sorrow in Gothenburg
- Korsvägen Station: Lisa Torell, Noise Reduction and Glitches: Echoes from the Past and the Future
The second part of the art project for the construction period is a collaboration with an art platform called Skogen (“The Forest”), which is undertaking a number of artistic studies of the West Link through at study group, called Chronotopia. These studies will form an archive of knowledge and material that will be continually made available to the public through various artworks and in-depth conversations.
The project Public Art During the Construction of the West Link extends from 2019 through 2022.